Efek perawatan luka terkontaminasi dengan ekstrak bawang putih lanang dalam mempercepat penurunan eritema

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Efek perawatan luka terkontaminasi dengan ekstrak bawang putih lanang dalam mempercepat penurunan eritema
The effects of “lanang” onion extract on contaminated wound treatment by accelerating the reduction of erythema
JURNAL KEDOKTERAN YARSI 17 (1) : 021-030 (2009)
by
Yulian Wiji Utami1, Anis Murniati2 , Sumarno3
1Lecturer of Nursing Program, Faculty of Medicine Brawijyaya University Malang
2Student of Nursing Program, Faculty of Medicine Brawijyaya University Malang
3Lecturer of Medical Faculty of Brawijaya University Malang


ABSTRACT
This study was aimed to examine the effect of ”lanang” onion extract to accelerate the reduction of erythema inflammation sign in contaminated wound. A true experimental with posttest only control group design was used. The variable observed was a photograph of wound taken throughout the experiment which was then processed by program corel photopoint suite graphic 12, so it could provide average value of the decrease of erythema inflammation sign. Samples consisted of 4 groups, each group was composed of five rats. A series of extract concentration were applied, e.g. 128 mg/ml, 256 mg/ml, and 512 mg/ml for the first, second and third group respectively. In addition, 10% povidone iodine was used for the forth group.
The result showed that by the eighth day, the average decrease of mean red color intensity or the erythema values were 49.26, 45.44, 45.32 and 62. 96 in the first, second, third and forth group respectively. Statistical analysis employing one way ANOVA showed significant difference for all groups [o.ooo < ? (0.05)]. No different was observed on Post hoc result test in group 1 and 2 [0.352 >? (0.05)], however, significant difference [0,0000