Gambaran anemia gizi dan kaitannya dengan asupan serta pola makan pada tenaga kerja wanita di Tangerang, Banteng

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Gambaran anemia gizi dan kaitannya dengan asupan serta pola makan pada tenaga kerja wanita di Tangerang, Banteng
Nutrional anemia profile in relation to nutrients intake and food pattern of the female workers in Tangerang, Banten
JURNAL KEDOKTERAN YARSI 17 (1) : 031-039 (2009)
by
M. Arifin Suyardi1, Ance Andriani2, Benny L. Priyatna3
1Department of Nutrition, University of Indonesia School of Medicine, Jakarta
2Department of Nutrition, University of Kristen Indonesia School of Medicine, Jakarta
3Hiperkes DKI Jaya


ABSTRACT
Health and nutritional status of female workers are factors determining the quality of human resources in the future. A cross sectional study was done in shoes factory on cutting and trimming department in Tangerang district, Banten. This study was conducted to observe the nutritional enemia profile in this group employing questionaire, anthropometric measurement, physical and laboratory examination. The population was female workers. Subjects were chossen using inclusion criteria. A total of 125 persons were admitted in this study. Overall the prevalence of undernutrition was 23 (18.4%). Anemia was found in 78 (62.4%), consisted of 55 (44%) nutritional anemia and 23 (18.4%) unknown caused. Nutritional anemia were separated to iron deficiency anemia 44 (35.2%), B12 deficiency anemia 2 (1.6%), iron + B12 deficiency anemia 4 (3.2%), iron + folic acid deficiency anemia 2 (1.6%), B12 + folic acid deficiency anemia 2 (1.6%), iron + B12 + folic acid deficiency anemia 1 (0.8%). This study concluded that the nutritional anemia was related significantly (p<0.05) to inadequacy protein and iron intake was well as unpair food pattern. In the future, effort should be done to give adequate nutrients intake especially sources of protein, iron, folic acid and B12 vitamin.