Uji coba tingkat operasional insektisida etofenprox untuk pemberantasan malaria di Kecamatan Tanjung Bunga, Flores Timur, Nusa Tenggara Timur

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Uji coba tingkat operasional insektisida etofenprox untuk pemberantasan malaria di Kecamatan Tanjung Bunga, Flores Timur, Nusa Tenggara Timur
Operasional scale-trial of etofenprox insectiside for malaria control in Tanjung Bunga District, East Flores, East Nusatenggara
JURNAL KEDOKTERAN YARSI 12 (1) : 015-021 (2004)
by
Barodji, Sustriayu Nalim, Widiarti and Sumardi
Vector and Disease Reservoir Reasearch Unit, National Institute of Health Research and Development, Salatiga.


ABSTRACT
An operational- scale trial of etofenpox 20 WP (OMS-3002) for malaria control was conducted in Tanjung Bunga District, East Flores, East Nusa Tenggara in 1993. The Insecticide was applied as indoor residual spraying at a target dosage of 0,20 g active ingredient/m2, three cycles every six months. Results of the trial showed that malaria vector densities (Anopheles barbirostris, An. subpictus, An. sundaicus and An. flavirostris) was declined 93,00% after the third cycles of the spray. There was indication that parity rate of the vector can be suppressed for about 2 months. Spraying and treated of malaria cases can reduced of Plasodium falciparum malaria prevalence from 20,86% before trial to 3,39% (reduction 84, 20%) after trial. In control area prevalence of P. falciparum malaria was 8,56% before trial and 18,19% after trial. During the trial there was no negative side effect of etofenprox to spraymen, inhabitant and domestic animal.